Scientific name – Solanum tuberosum
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum. In many contexts, potato refers to the edible tuber, but it can also refer to the plant itself. Common or slang terms include tater, tattie and spud.

As of 2014, potatoes were the world’s fourth-largest food crop after maize (corn), wheat, and rice